You can find on this page the Mecca (Makkah) topographic map to print and to download in PDF. The Mecca (Makkah) elevation map present the topography, river and relief of Mecca (Makkah) in Saudi Arabia.
Mecca (Makkah) is not situated in an agricultural area (see Mecca (Makkah) topographic map). In ancient times it had access to sufficient underground water for its inhabitants and was protected from invasion by surrounding hills.

Mecca (Makkah) elevation map

Map of Mecca (Makkah) elevation

The Mecca (Makkah) topographic map shows elevation, hills and landforms in Mecca (Makkah). This elevation map of Mecca (Makkah) will allow you to know topography, river and relief of Mecca (Makkah) in Saudi Arabia. The Mecca (Makkah) topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Mecca (Makkah) is located in the West of Saudi Arabia in Makkah Province. Approximately 70 km inland from the Red Sea port of Jeddah. Situated within the Hijaz Mountain Range. Located in an arid mountainous area which contains three valleys, Taneem, Bakkah and Abqar as you can see in Mecca (Makkah) elevation map. The city elevations vary from 300 to 900 meters above sea level. Warm throughout the year, summer temperatures are more than 40C during the day. Rain fall is low but can pose a serious risk of flooding. The city is rapidly expanding and the current area is more than 1200 km2.

Mount (Jabal) Hira on the northeast contains a cave in which Muhammad sought isolation and had visions before he became a prophet. He also received the first verse of the Koran (Qurʾan) in this cave. South of the city, Mount Thawr contains the cave in which the Prophet concealed himself from his Meccan enemies during his journey from Mecca (Makkah) to Medina, the event that marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. The central clock tower (including its spire) rises to a height of 1,972 elevation feet (601 meters) as its shown in Mecca (Makkah) elevation map. The Abraj al-Bayt complex has approximately 16 million square feet (1.5 million square meters) of floor space.

Mecca (Makkah) is situated at an elevation of 909 feet (277 metres) above sea level in the dry beds of the Wadi Ibrāhīm and several of its short tributaries. It is surrounded by the Ṣirāt Mountains, the peaks of which include Mount (Jabal) Ajyad, which rises to 1,332 feet, and Mount Abū Qubays, which attains 1,220 feet, to the east and Mount Quʿayqʿān, which reaches 1,401 feet, to the west as its mentioned in Mecca (Makkah) elevation map. Mount Hirāʾ rises to 2,080 feet on the northeast and contains a cave in which Muhammad sought isolation and visions before he became a prophet. It was also in this cave that he received the first verse (āyah) of the holy Qurʾān. South of the city, Mount Thawr (2,490 feet) contains the cave in which the prophet secreted himself from his Meccan enemies during the Hijrah to Medina, the event that marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.